Processes and activities under the implementation
This report presents the findings of the task group addressing Descriptor 2 with the aim of establishing the scientific basis for the development of criteria and methodological standards by which Member States would need to assess the state of their marine and coastal waters and to achieve Good Environmental Status.
List of key issues derived from the in-depth assessment for D2.
This report is the result of a scientific and technical review of Commission Decision 2010/477/EU in relation to Descriptor 2. The review has been carried out by the EC JRC together with experts nominated by EU Member States, and has considered contributions from the GES Working Group in accordance with the roadmap set out in the MSFD implementation strategy.
With the exception of the EU Regulation concerning the use of alien and locally absent species in aquaculture (EU, 2007) and its implementing rules (EU, 2008), no comprehensive instrument existed on EU level to tackle alien species until recently.
The Regulation No 1143/2014/EU, published in 2014, establishes rules to prevent, minimise and mitigate the adverse impact on biodiversity of the intentional and unintentional introduction and spread within the EU of IAS.
It indicates three types of interventions; prevention, early warning and rapid response, and management to tackle the problem. It is expected that a list of invasive non-indigenous species of EU concern will be developed, so as to guide implementation of the Regulation. With this aim, the Regulation on IAS specifically requests action plans on the main pathways of invasive non-indigenous species (Article 13). Member States can also take emergency measures when there is evidence concerning the presence, or imminent risk of introduction into its territory of an invasive non-indigenous species, which is not included on the Union list (Art. 10 of IAS Regulation 1143/2014/EU) but were found during surveillance or monitoring.
Furthermore, the Member State has the obligation to build a surveillance system for IAS of Union concern or include it in their existing systems (Art. 14 of IAS Regulation 1143/2014/EU); in fact, such systems offer the most appropriate means for early detection and rapid eradication at an early stage of invasion as is stipulated in articles 16 and 17 of the IAS Regulation 1143/2014/EU to prevent the spread of IAS into or within the Union.
The efficient implementation of both the Regulation and the MSFD for D2 would require the coordination of the respective monitoring programs and programme of measures.
Other relevant EU legislations are: (i) the Birds Directive (2009/147/EC), (ii) the Habitats Directive (92/43/EC), (iii) the Phytosanitary Directive (2000/29/EC), (iv) the Regulation on wild species trade (1997/338/EC),(v) the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and the Directive on animal health requirements for aquaculture animals and products thereof (2006/88/EC). These six legislative instruments are not focused on NIS but partly cover the issue by requiring their consideration in the frame of restoration of biodiversity conservation status, ecological conditions and animal health.