D10 Marine litter
Properties and quantities of marine litter do not cause harm to the coastal and marine environment
Marine litter is any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material that is discarded, disposed of, or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment. The provisions of MSFD D10 aim to protect the marine environment against harm caused by litter.
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Properties and quantities of marine litter do not cause harm to the coastal and marine environment.
The distribution of litter is highly variable, which needs to be taken into consideration for monitoring programmes. It is necessary to identify the activity to which it is linked including, where possible, its origin. There is still a need for further development of several indicators, notably those relating to biological impacts and to micro-particles, as well as for the enhanced assessment of their potential toxicity ( 21 ).
10.1. Characteristics of litter in the marine and coastal environment
- Trends in the amount of litter washed ashore and/or deposited on coastlines, including analysis of its composition, spatial distribution and, where possible, source (10.1.1)
- Trends in the amount of litter in the water column (including floating at the surface) and deposited on the sea- floor, including analysis of its composition, spatial distribution and, where possible, source (10.1.2)
- Trends in the amount, distribution and, where possible, composition of micro-particles (in particular micro- plastics) (10.1.3)
10.2. Impacts of litter on marine life
- Trends in the amount and composition of litter ingested by marine animals (e.g. stomach analysis) (10.2.1).
This indicator needs to be developed further, based on the experience in some sub-regions (e.g. North Sea), to be adapted in other regions.