Black Sea: Information policy, data products and modelling
[ Ms. Iryna Makarenko presented the main activities relevant to Black Sea Commission's (BSC) information policy, data products and modelling. She emphasized that since the Bucharest Convention was elaborated more than 20 years ago, and the latest version of Black Sea Strategic Action Plan (BS SAP) is dated 2009, some new challenges as climate change, marine litter, marine noise, green economy, MSFD requirements etc. were not reflected and that the BSC has been working to incorporate these considerations in the documents of the Bucharest Convention (text of Convention, next version of BS SAP, monitoring program (BSIMAP), relevant chapters of Black Sea State of Environment Report (BS SoE) which will include socio-economic aspects and new challenges. She informed that BS SAP includes 4 Ecosystem Quality Objectives, one of them is to reduce nutrients originating from land-based sources, including atmospheric emissions. She also mentioned that there is no definition of GES and no targets to identify it in the Black Sea basin. She also stated that during the 31st BSC Regular meeting the BSC adopted the 6 tables reflecting the indicators for annual reporting to the Black Sea Commission, that the data also takes into account the new environmental challenges and legislation, as well as approaches introduced by relevant
global and regional organizations (i.e. provisions of EU MSFD; GFCM; ACCOBAMS etc.). She presented the agreed pollution indicators, including the information on nutrients load, i.e. E-trix, BEAST indicators, as well as core set indicators grouped as causes - inorganic nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus (phosphates), direct effects - chlorophyll a , indirect effects -
bottom oxygen (where available), Secchi. The values will be further defined by each country according to its reference values elaborated within Baltic2Black Project. She mentioned that the HELCOM tool HEAT, employed for the Baltic Sea to assess eutrophication status, was proposed for use in the Black Sea as well, being adjusted to the availability of Black Sea data.
This is a step toward harmonization of assessments, however,she mentioned, the BSC still assesses the feasibility and relevance of usage of HEAT tool in the region. As another important deliverable of the HELCOM-BSC Baltic2Black Project she mentioned the research on the "APPLICABILITY OF USAGE OF SATELLITE CHLOROPYHLL DATA FOR EUTROPHICATION INDICATORS IN THE BLACK SEA". Summarizing the presentation she stated that (1) the new web tool "The Black Sea Information System Prototype" is being developed within the EMBLAS Project (<a href=" http://www.blacksea-informationsystem.net/?pg=bsc_reporting" target="_blank"> www.blacksea-informationsystem.net</a>) and could be used by the group; (2) BSC PS is wishing to collaborate on modelling component; (3) BSC PS invites experts to present the products, tools, models and guidelines developed so far for the consideration and testing by experts from Black Sea Region and BS scientific community (meetings of Advisory Group on PMA/LBS/CBD/FOMLR in spring 2016 other relevant meetings); (4) BSC PS invites the experts to share with Black Sea Commission' Permanent Secretariat the finalized products in order to sustain and to disseminate the
results of models and tools in the Black Sea region; (5) BSC PS invites the experts to contribute to the preparation of the Black Sea State of Environment Report (SoE Report). ]
Modelling-based strategy for the Prioritisation Exercise under the Water Framework Directive
[ The Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) aims to protect the aquatic environment at European level by achieving the good chemical and ecological status of all water bodies. In order to reach the good chemical status of their waterbodies, Member states should monitor the Priority Substances listed in Annex 10 of the WFD and they should ensure that the concentrations of these substances or groups of substances in the aquatic environment do not exceed the related Environmental Quality Standards, set to protect human health and the environment (Directive 2008/105/EC amended by Directive 2013/39/EU). Priority substances that are persistent, toxic and liable to bioaccumulate or which give rise to a similar level of concern are identified as Priority Hazardous Substances. Under Article 16 (4) of the WFD, later amended by Directive 2013/39/EU, the Commission is required to review the list of substances designated as Priority Substances and Priority Hazardous Substances every six years. The ongoing prioritisation process is coordinated by JRC in collaboration with DG ENV and the expert sub-group of the Working group chemicals. The process includes two approaches, the monitoring and modelling based exercises. The first has been developed considering the available monitoring data and criteria for selection of substances undergoing this exercise. The latter has been conceived for those substances for which either monitoring data are insufficient or completely missing. This report is focused on the modelling-based exercise to explain the screening phase process and the models used to derive the Predicted Environmental Concentration (PEC) required to determine the risk assessment based on the ratio between the PEC and Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC). ]