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In 2011 the MSFD Techncial Group on Marine Litter group developed an overview about existing data and methodologies for the monitoring of marine litter. Appropriate monitoring methodologies have been identified for beach, surface water, biota and microlitter, and altogether 15 monitoring tools have been described in relation to the indicators for Marine Litter. Sources of marine litter, issues on targets and objectives relevant to MSFD as well as research needs have been discussed and a roadmap for the further implementation of Descriptor 10 has been developed.
This preparatory work has later led to the development of guidance and overall to a structured approach for the implementation of MSFD descriptor 10 in EU Member States.